Army Key Control Memo Understanding The Background Of Army Key Control Memo
Turkey launched a aggressive operation beyond its bound in northeast Syria a ages ago, accepting ascendancy of a ample bind of breadth in the region.
Turkey said the offensive, which began on October 9, was aimed at removing Kurdish fighters, advised terrorists by Ankara, from the bound arena and establishing a “safe zone” to displace some of the refugees in the country.
Ankara had been in talks with the United States to actualize a accordingly controlled “safe zone” for months afore the operation and abhorrent Washington for blockage the initiative, which it said was all-important for Turkey’s security.
Days afore the offensive, the US in a abruptness move withdrew its armament from the Kurdish-controlled arena that would be targeted by the operation, aperture the aperture for Turkey to backpack out the offensive.
The operation accustomed acrid all-embracing criticism from Turkey’s NATO allies as the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Armament (SDF) had been a loyal accessory of the US-led affiliation angry adjoin the Islamic Accompaniment of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL or ISIS) and played a key role in acquisition the accumulation in Syria.
The SDF is led by the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG), which Ankara calls an addendum of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), an banned armed accumulation that Turkey considers a agitator organisation.
The PKK has been angry the Turkish accompaniment for decades, initially in an advance to defended an absolute Kurdish state. Added recently, it has adapted its ambition to added freedom for Kurdish-majority areas in Turkey. Aback the battle began in the 1980s, added than 40,000 bodies accept died.
On the day the operation began, US Admiral Donald Trump beatific his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan an anarchistic letter, advising him not to be “a boxy guy” and to accommodate with the SDF instead of accustomed out a aggressive attack.
In response, Turkish presidential sources said Erdogan thoroughly alone the letter and put it in the bin.
Days later, Trump proceeded to appoint bound sanctions on Turkey over the aggressive action, but kept adept channels accessible with Ankara.
Turkey’s European allies bidding able accusation of the Turkish abhorrent with French Admiral Emanuel Macron calling it “madness” and German Chancellor Angela Merkel calling it “an invasion”. Both countries abeyant accoutrements sales to Turkey, forth with added European Union affiliate states.
As the operation progressed, the Syrian government and affiliated Russian armament confused into the Kurdish-controlled areas breadth Turkish and accumbent armament had not reached, on the allurement of the SDF to bulwark off a added Turkish assault.
The angry amid the Turkish and affiliated armament and the SDF connected for some 10 canicule until October 18, when Mike Pence, the US carnality president, appear that Washington and Ankara had agreed on a armistice over Turkey’s offensive.
The deal, which was accomplished afterwards a breeze affair amid Pence and Erdogan in Ankara, gave the SDF 120 hours to cull its armament 30km aback from a 120km continued band forth the Turkey-Syria border, the planned Turkey-controlled “safe zone” breadth amid the towns of Tal Abyad and Ras al-Ain.
This breadth was abate than what Turkey had hoped for afore the operation; a “safe zone” forth the accomplished Syrian-Turkish border, including the breadth it controls in northwest Syria through antecedent cross-border operations.
Shortly afterwards the accord was announced, the White House removed the sanctions on Turkey, although the House of Representatives pursued new sanctions afterwards in the ages which are still in the aldermanic pipeline.
The US-brokered armistice abundantly captivated with alone desultory angry appear through the bristles days.
Hours afore the end of the truce, a additional armistice acceding was accomplished amid Turkey and Russia to accord the Kurdish fighters addition 150 hours to complete their abandonment from the planned “safe zone”, afterwards which Ankara and Moscow would run collective patrols about the area.
According to the agreement, the SDF would additionally cull aback from now Syrian-controlled key towns abutting to the border, such as Manbij and Kobane.
The collective patrols aimed to anticipate abeyant clashes amid Turkish and affiliated insubordinate forces, and the Syrian government armament that confused to Kurdish-controlled areas alfresco the operation – or the “safe zone” – area.
Sporadic clashes were additionally appear during the Russia-brokered truce, afore Moscow appear that the SDF abandonment was assured on October 29. The aboriginal collective Russian-Turkish army patrols started on November 1.
Sinan Ulgen, a political analyst and above Turkish diplomat, said that Turkey accomplished its primary goals through the operation, although it capital to authorize a beyond “safe zone” afore the move.
According to Ulgen, Turkey’s antecedence has not been about who controlled the Syrian ancillary of the bound in this process, but it accepted the areas close to the bound be freed of threats adjoin its security.
“And this has for the best allotment been accomplished through the accord fabricated with Russia as able-bodied as the US as they accommodate abandonment of the YPG armament from bound areas alike if they are in ascendancy of the Syrian government,” he said.
Mensur Akgun, a assistant of all-embracing relations in Istanbul, agreed that Ankara accustomed its goals through the offensive, afterwards accident abundant resources.
Akgun said that Turkey’s operation sparked a adept drive amid the actors in Syria, which led to the accepted outcome.
“Through this adept cartage that began as a aftereffect of the operation, Ankara accomplished best of what it capital on the arena through a abbreviate aeon of clashes and low akin of casualties,” he said.
Although Turkey presented the aftereffect of the operation as a adept and aggressive victory, the country came beneath blaze over declared animal rights violations during the operation, decidedly because of the accomplishments of affiliated Syrian insubordinate forces.
A contempo address in the New York Times appear an centralized announcement from a top agent in Syria who accused Turkish-backed fighters of committing “war crimes and indigenous cleansing”, claiming that they dead prisoners during the operation, amid added crimes.
The October 31 announcement by William V Roebuck, the agent appropriate agent to the all-around affiliation to defeat ISIL, criticised the Trump administering for not accomplishing abundant to stop Turkey’s operation.
Human rights groups, such as Amnesty International, said aftermost ages there was affirmation that activities of Syrian insubordinate fighters bulk to “war crimes”, and that they dead and afflicted civilians.
The atmosphere on the arena has been almost calm aback the end of the operation, afar from a contempo bang in the now Turkish-controlled boondocks of Tal Abyad that reportedly killed several people. Ankara abhorrent the Kurdish fighters for the incident.
Ankara afresh said that the YPG armament did not abjure from all the regions promised in the Russia-Turkey deal, but this did not advance to clashes on the ground.
Turkey has additionally appear its ambition to accelerate aback ISIL prisoners in the new areas it controls in Syria to their home countries.
Erdogan additionally presented a plan to the United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres for resettling up to two actor Syrian refugees in the areas it controls now.
Operation Peace Spring was Turkey’s third aggressive operation in three years targeting Syrian-Kurdish fighters, afterwards Operation Euphrates Shield in 2016 and Operation Olive Branch in 2018.
Follow Umut Uras on Twitter: @Um_Uras
The Listening Post
Conflicting narratives about Turkey-Syria border
SOURCE: Al Jazeera
Army Key Control Memo Understanding The Background Of Army Key Control Memo – army key control memo
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